Journal: IPSI Transactions on Internet Research

Maturity of Agriculture Open Data Ecosystem in Croatia – Challenges and Opportunities

Authors: Hrustek, Larisa Šalamon, Dragica
and Tomičić Furjan, Martina

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Although startups show great interest in sharing and re-using data, and large business systems know the value of data, data sharing is problematic and questionable. The reason is the legislation that does not have prescribed obligations and procedures for sharing data, and when data is shared, it is not properly managed at the sectoral or industry ecosystem level. For stakeholders to reap the economic benefits of using/re-using open data, strong data ecosystems supported by policies and investments are needed to ensure infrastructure and data capacity for everyone in the environment. In this paper, exploratory research was conducted and the focus is on the agricultural data ecosystem, which has a strategically relevant role in food production and feeding society but does not sufficiently use the capacities of the digital age for progress, especially the data capacities that are significant in overcoming challenges. The measurement tool was used based on the conceptual framework of open data ecosystem elements and characteristics, where the key elements are Stakeholders, Data, Infrastructure and Policy/Governance, while the parameters are defined based on the key characteristics of each element. The measurement tool was used for the evaluation of the status of the Croatian agricultural open data ecosystem and its maturity level. The data was collected by searching secondary sources (searching literature and documents, available infrastructure - platforms, applications and tools as well as analyzing the websites of relevant institutions) and in-depth interviews with stakeholders in the agricultural ecosystem. The results showed that in the Croatian agricultural open data ecosystem, elements of Stakeholders, Infrastructure and Governance/Policy were rated as Fundamental level, while the Data element showed the best trend and was rated as Effective level. The Stakeholders element was rated best by the Management and Support Organization, while the other elements were rated best by Researchers/Scientists. The lowest ratings on elements of the data ecosystem were assigned by two groups of stakeholders, Agriculture Businesses/Farmers and Consumer Organizations and Consumers. Nevertheless, there is still much room for growth and improvement in the data offered for/by all stakeholders, considering that the data offered by the Management and Support Organization and the researcher/Scientist offer and the way they do it are not suitable and useful for the business and production of the other stakeholders in the ecosystem. Significant efforts are needed to build a robust and sustainable data ecosystem in the agricultural sector.


Open Data, Agriculture, Agriculture Open Data Ecosystem, Evaluation Data Ecosystem

Published in: IPSI Transaction on Internet Research (Volume: 20, Issue: 1)
Publisher: IPSI, Belgrade

Date of Publication: January 1, 2024

Open Access: CC-BY-NC-ND
DOI: 10.58245/ipsi.tir.2401.04

Pages: 29 - 46

ISSN: 1820 - 4503


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Hrustek, Larisa

Larisa Hrustek is a teaching assistant and PhD student at the Faculty of Organization and Informatics from Varaždin. She is a member of the Laboratory for Business Process Management and Digital Transformation as a virtual organizational unit at the Faculty, whose purpose is to work on the development and implementation of new professional and scientific international and domestic projects. She is currently working on several scientific projects, Horizon 2020 and Erasmus. Her areas of interest are a digital transformation, application of digital technologies, improvement of business processes, sustainability and development of sustainable practices in business, and the application of open data. ORCID: 0000-0002-6333-2059


Šalamon, Dragica

Dragica Šalamon, PhD is an Associate Professor at the University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture teaching undergraduate, graduate and PhD studies courses requiring an interdisciplinary approach in the field of biotechnology e.g. the application of SAS and R programs or spatial data. Her interests include research and assessment in the conservation of wild and domestic biodiversity using molecular techniques, population genetics, functional morphology and morphometrics as well as dairy animals’ production assessment methods. She is leading and participating in several scientific and professional projects in the Division of Animal Science. ORCID: 0000-0003-3676-104X


Tomičić Furjan, Martina

Martina Tomičić Furjan, PhD is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Organization and Informatics in Varaždin, University of Zagreb. She teaches courses at undergraduate and graduate studies, and as a researcher and consultant, she has worked on various scientific and professional projects. Areas of her interest are related to digital transformation, strategic development and implementation of information and communication technologies in organizations and performance measurement. The author can be contacted at ORCID: 0000-0002-1078-8220


Cite this article

Hrustek, Larisa; Šalamon, Dragica; and Tomičić Furjan, Martina "Maturity of Agriculture Open Data Ecosystem in Croatia – Challenges and Opportunities", IPSI Transactions on Internet Research, vol. 20(1), pp. 29-46, 2024.