Journal: IPSI Transactions on Internet Research


Comparing Net Interactive Document System with Non-Interactive Digital Annotation Approaches

Author: H. Ashourzadeh, Shahrzad


View PDF Cite this article

Abstract

Interactivity is an essential part of learning and development, as it teaches people how to collaborate, communicate respectfully, exchange information, and hone their skills. Social networks and computer games are a few examples of applications that allow interactivity and foster more effective learning environments. However, while technology has enabled the creation of large websites, e-books, and online educational systems, many digital libraries and annotation approaches do not provide users with the opportunity to interact with the material or other readers. Users can only share annotated documents in a standard format through email or other means and they are limited to annotating documents without the ability to ask questions, initiate discussions, or give feedback on the content presented. Additionally, embedding annotation data into a document can disrupt its structure. After conducting extensive research on digital annotation tools that enable interactivity, we stumbled upon a system known as NID (Net Interactive Document). Our thorough examination of NID concludes that it outperforms other digital annotation methods in several ways. This system supports the feedback possibility, where different groups of experts can provide information and insights. Additionally, it allows readers to discuss various materials, leading to continuous content growth and more informative documents. One of the significant advantages of NID is that it enables users to create annotations to any extent without ruining the structure of a document. Moreover, NID uses graphical image addresses that enable users to include relevant images or videos from the internet into a document without infringing on copyright laws. So, NID provides a collaborative environment for readers and knowledge providers, making it a valuable educational tool as well as a means of presenting and improving information. We strongly recommend its use in online educational systems, digital libraries, and nonlearning settings (such as commercial spaces) due to its wide range of interactivity.


Keywords

Digital annotation, digital library, discussion, e-book, feedback, information, interactivity, net interactive document (NID)


Published in: IPSI Transaction on Internet Research (Volume: 20, Issue: 1)
Publisher: IPSI, Belgrade

Date of Publication: January 1, 2024

Open Access: CC-BY-NC-ND
DOI: 10.58245/ipsi.tir.2401.02

Pages: 5 - 17

ISSN: 1820 - 4503



References

1. ABC zur Volkskunde Osterreichs | NID - NetInteractiveDocument, Accessed: 2023, Available: https://www.nid-library.com/Article/View/49,

2. Austria-Forum, Accessed: 2023, Available: https://austria-forum.org/,

3. Azmat, M., Ahmad, A., “Lack of social interaction in online classes during COVID-19,” J. Mater. Environ. Sci, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 185-196, 2022.

4. Bertini, M., Bimbo, A. D., Nunziati, W., “Automatic annotation of sport video content,” In Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2005, pp. 1066-1078. https://doi.org/10.1007/11578079_109

5. Chen, Y., Zeng, X., Chen, X., Guo, W., “A survey on automatic image annotation,” Applied Intelligence, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 3412-3428, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10489-020-01696-2

6. Collections | NID – NetInteractiveDocument, Accessed: 2023, Available: https://www.nidlibrary.com/Home/Collections/31,

7. Collections | NID – NetInteractiveDocument, Accessed: 2023, Available: https://www.nidlibrary.com/Home/Collections/37,

8. Collections | NID – NetInteractiveDocument, Accessed: 2023, Available: https://www.nidlibrary.com/Home/Collections/75,

9. de Andrade, D. O. S., Maia, L. F., de Figueirêdo, H. F., Viana, W., Trinta, F., de Souza Baptista, C., “Photo annotation: a survey,” Multimedia Tools and Applications, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 423-457, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-016-4281-6

10. Digital Culture in Education, Science and Technology. Accessed: 2023, Available: https://www.nidlibrary.com/Home/ViewBook/497/65/view,

...

×

H. Ashourzadeh, Shahrzad

Islamic Azad University, Iran.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8237-2398, email: s.ashourzadeh@yahoo.com

×

Cite this article

H. Ashourzadeh, Shahrzad
"Comparing Net Interactive Document System with Non-Interactive Digital Annotation Approaches",
IPSI Transactions on Internet Research, vol. 20(1), pp. 5-16, 2024. https://doi.org/10.58245/ipsi.tir.2401.02